The Bull Trout was once found throughout the Columbia River Basin, east to western Montana, south to northern Nevada, west to California and possibly as far north as southeastern Alaska. The main populations remaining in the lower 48 states are in Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington, with a small population in northern Nevada. The Bull Trout has small, pale yellow-to-crimson spots on a darker background, fading to white on the belly.
CLICK HERE to read about Bull Trout conservation by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.
READ about Bull Trout conservation by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
READ about Bull Trout management and conservation by Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks.
TAKE A FUN QUIZ to test your knowledge about Bull Trout identification.
Click here to read a High Country News January 2016 article about Bull Trout and the NorWeST stream temperature Climate Shield network and cold water refugia.
WATCH a video about Bull Trout recovery in Montana.
WATCH THIS GREAT VIDEO of a bull trout in Klicklitat Creek, a tributary of the White River in Washington. Video courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Washington Fish and Wildlife Office.
News Release Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office
September 28, 2015
BOISE, Idaho – Efforts to conserve a key cold-water fish species got a boost today when the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) released the final Bull Trout Recovery Plan, which outlines the conservation actions needed to recover bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus).
Bull trout occupy cold-water stream and lake habitats in western North America. Once abundant in Oregon, Washington, California, Nevada, Idaho and Montana, bull trout are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act in the lower 48 states. The final recovery plan was developed after more than a year of collaboration with interested and knowledgeable federal, tribal, state, private, and other parties. At the core of the plan’s strategy are six geographically specific implementation plans, which identify specific conservation actions needed to address threats such as loss of habitat connectivity and passage barriers, non-native fish competition and predation, and the effects of poor land-management practices.
"The final recovery plan is a conservation compass to guide the recovery of bull trout, especially in places where the threatened fish has the best chance to persist for years to come. The focus is now on the threats to bull trout at the local scale and how we can abate them to stabilize or increase populations,” said Mike Carrier, state supervisor for the Service’s Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office. The Idaho office led the Service’s five-state planning effort. The overarching goal of the recovery plan is to conserve bull trout so that the fish are geographically widespread with stable populations in each of the six recovery units. Accordingly, the plan’s recovery criteria focus on effective management of known threats to bull trout. The Coastal, Columbia Headwaters, Klamath, Mid-Columbia, Saint Mary and Upper Snake are the six designated recovery units that are home to the threatened population in the lower 48 states.